Cancers of the brain and central nervous sytem (CNS) are the second most common type of childhood cancers (ages 0 - 14), and
represent over 20% of all cancers in this age group.
At this time, we do not know what causes most childhood brain and CNS cancers. Some rare inherited conditions (Li-Fraumeni
syndrome, neurofibromatosis, tuberous sclerosis, Von Hippel-Lindau disease, nevoid basal cell syndrome and Turcot sydrome)
are linked to increased rates of childhood brain and CNS cancers, but these conditions account for a small percentage of all
childhood brain and CNS cases. Radiation to the head is an established risk factor for brain tumors. Possible risk factors
include: maternal consumption of cured meats and use of nitrosable drugs; and parental work on a farm.
Incidence of Childhood Brain and Central Nervous System Cancers, by Gender and Age Group, 1979 - 2005
Incidence rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Rates are for
invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ) or unless otherwise specified.
Data from the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Cancer Epidemiology Services report, "Childhood Cancer
in New Jersey, 1979-2005", published September 2008, and available on the web at http://nj.gov/health/ces/reports.shtml.
New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Cancer Epidemiology Services, New Jersey State Cancer Registry;
Incidence rate of brain and central nervous system cancers in children for a defined population in a specified time interval.
Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Standard Population. Rates are per 100,000 population.
How We Calculated the Rates
Number of new cases of brain and other nervous system cancers in children among a defined population in a specified time
Defined population in a specified time interval.
Page Content Updated On 10/04/10,
Published on 10/04/10
Cancer Epidemiology Services, New Jersey Department of Health, PO Box 369, Trenton, NJ 08625-0369, Phone: 609-588-3500, Fax: 609-588-3638, e-mail: email@example.com,
Department of Health
P. O. Box 360, Trenton, NJ 08625-0360
Phone: (609) 292-7837
Toll-free in NJ: 1-800-367-6543 Our Locations
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State Health Assessment Data Web site: http://nj.gov/health/shad".