Indicator Profile of Incidence of Leukemia

Why Is This Important?

During 2009, over 600 New Jersey males and 460 females of all ages were diagnosed with leukemias.

At this time, we do not know what causes most leukemias. Generally, risk factors include: high doses of ionizing radiation; genetic abnormalities, including Down syndrome; smoking; rare viruses; long-term benzene exposure; and chemotherapy drugs known as alkylating agents. The relationship of these factors may depend on the type of leukemia. Additionally, risk factors for adult leukemia differ from those of childhood leukemia. For adult-onset leukemia, the most firmly established environmental risk factor is exposure to ionizing radiation; benzene, agricultural exposures, and smoking also have been linked to elevated risk. For acute lymphocytic leukemia in children, exposure to ionizing radiation and a parent's exposure to pesticides and other chemicals may increase risk.

NJ Leukemia Incidence, Age-Group Specific Rates by Leukemia Subtype, 2005 - 2009

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Data Notes

Incidence rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ... , 80-84, 85+). Rates are for invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ) or unless otherwise specified. **Age-specific counts/rates are suppressed if fewer than 5 cases were reported in the specified category. Data retrieved April 18, 2012 from New Jersey Department of Health, New Jersey State Cancer Registry, web site http://www.cancer-rates.info/nj/. Data for 2008 and 2009 are considered preliminary due to possible reporting delays.

Data Sources

National Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau. Vintage 2009 bridged-rate postcensal population estimates. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/bridged_race.htm as of July 23, 2010.;  State Cancer Registry, Cancer Epidemiology Services, New Jersey Department of Health; 

Other Graphical Views


Incidence rate of leukemia by sub-type for a defined population in a specified time interval. Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Standard Population. Rates are per 100,000 population.

How We Calculated the Rates

Numerator: Number of new cases of leukemia by sub-type among a defined population in a specified time interval.
Denominator: Defined population in a specified time interval.

Page Content Updated On 05/31/12, Published on 07/17/12
Cancer Epidemiology Services, New Jersey Department of Health, PO Box 369, Trenton, NJ 08625-0369, Phone: 609-588-3500, Fax: 609-588-3638, e-mail: cancer@doh.state.nj.us, web: www.nj.gov/health/ces
The information provided above is from the New Jersey Department of Health's NJSHAD Web site (http://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Wed, 17 December 2014 18:02:34 from New Jersey Department of Health, Center for Health Statistics, State Health Assessment Data Web site: http://nj.gov/health/shad".

Content updated: Sat, 20 Sep 2014 04:00:44 EDT