Indicator Profile of Incidence of Leukemia
Why Is This Important?During 2009, over 600 New Jersey males and 460 females of all ages were diagnosed with leukemias.
At this time, we do not know what causes most leukemias. Generally, risk factors include: high doses of ionizing radiation; genetic abnormalities, including Down syndrome; smoking; rare viruses; long-term benzene exposure; and chemotherapy drugs known as alkylating agents. The relationship of these factors may depend on the type of leukemia. Additionally, risk factors for adult leukemia differ from those of childhood leukemia. For adult-onset leukemia, the most firmly established environmental risk factor is exposure to ionizing radiation; benzene, agricultural exposures, and smoking also have been linked to elevated risk. For acute lymphocytic leukemia in children, exposure to ionizing radiation and a parent's exposure to pesticides and other chemicals may increase risk.
NJ Leukemia Incidence, Age-Group Specific Rates by Leukemia Subtype, 2005 - 2009
Data NotesIncidence rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population (19 age groups: <1, 1-4, 5-9, ... , 80-84, 85+). Rates are for invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ) or unless otherwise specified. **Age-specific counts/rates are suppressed if fewer than 5 cases were reported in the specified category. Data retrieved April 18, 2012 from New Jersey Department of Health, New Jersey State Cancer Registry, web site http://www.cancer-rates.info/nj/. Data for 2008 and 2009 are considered preliminary due to possible reporting delays.
Data SourcesNational Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau. Vintage 2009 bridged-rate postcensal population estimates. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/bridged_race.htm as of July 23, 2010.; State Cancer Registry, Cancer Epidemiology Services, New Jersey Department of Health;
Other Graphical Views
DefinitionIncidence rate of leukemia by sub-type for a defined population in a specified time interval. Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Standard Population. Rates are per 100,000 population.
How We Calculated the Rates
Page Content Updated On 05/31/12, Published on 07/17/12