Leukemias are the most common childhood cancers, accounting for about 30 percent of all cancers in children age 0 - 14 years.
Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) accounts for about 75 percent of childhood leukemias. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) accounts
for about fifteen percent of childhood leukemias.
At this time, we do not know what causes most leukemias. Some inherited conditions (Down syndrome, neurofibromatosis, Bloom
syndrome, and others) are linked to increased rates of specific types of childhood leukemia, but these conditions account
for a small percentage of all childhood leukemia cases. Exposure to ionizing radiation in utero has been linked to increased
rates of childhood leukemia. Other exposures that have been suggested be potentially associated with childhood leukemia include:
childhood exposure to high levels of electromagnetic fields; older maternal age; parental exposure to pesticides or benzene;
and delayed exposure to a theorized but unidentified infectious agent.
Incidence of Childhood Leukemia in New Jersey, by Gender and Age Group, 1979 - 2005
Incidence rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Rates are for
invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ) or unless otherwise specified.
Data from the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Cancer Epidemiology Services report, "Childhood Cancer
in New Jersey, 1979-2005", published September 2008, and available on the web at http://nj.gov/health/ces/reports.shtml.
New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Cancer Epidemiology Services, New Jersey State Cancer Registry;
The information provided above is from the New Jersey Department of Health's
NJSHAD Web site (http://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published
on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation:
"Retrieved Thu, 27 November 2014 5:19:48
from New Jersey Department of Health, Center for Health Statistics,
State Health Assessment Data Web site: http://nj.gov/health/shad".