Indicator Profile of Incidence of Childhood Leukemia
Why Is This Important?Leukemias are the most common childhood cancers, accounting for about 30 percent of all cancers in children age 0 - 14 years. Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) accounts for about 75 percent of childhood leukemias. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) accounts for about fifteen percent of childhood leukemias.
At this time, we do not know what causes most leukemias. Some inherited conditions (Down syndrome, neurofibromatosis, Bloom syndrome, and others) are linked to increased rates of specific types of childhood leukemia, but these conditions account for a small percentage of all childhood leukemia cases. Exposure to ionizing radiation in utero has been linked to increased rates of childhood leukemia. Other exposures that have been suggested be potentially associated with childhood leukemia include: childhood exposure to high levels of electromagnetic fields; older maternal age; parental exposure to pesticides or benzene; and delayed exposure to a theorized but unidentified infectious agent.
Incidence of Childhood Leukemia in New Jersey, by Gender and Age Group, 1979 - 2005
Data NotesIncidence rates (cases per 100,000 population per year) are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Rates are for invasive cancer only (except for bladder cancer which is invasive and in situ) or unless otherwise specified. Data from the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Cancer Epidemiology Services report, "Childhood Cancer in New Jersey, 1979-2005", published September 2008, and available on the web at http://nj.gov/health/ces/reports.shtml.
Data SourcesNew Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Cancer Epidemiology Services, New Jersey State Cancer Registry;
Other Graphical Views
DefinitionIncidence rate of leukemia in children for a defined population in a specified time interval. Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Standard Population. Rates are per 100,000 population.
How We Calculated the Rates
Page Content Updated On 10/04/10, Published on 10/04/10