Indicator Profile of Limb Deficiencies
Why Is This Important?Upper and lower limb reduction defects occur when a part of or the entire arm (upper limb) or leg (lower limb) of a fetus fails to form completely during pregnancy. The defect is referred to as a "limb reduction" because a limb is reduced from its normal size or is missing.
While the causes of limb reduction defects are unknown, research suggests that certain behaviors or exposures during pregnancy can increase the risk of having a baby with a limb reduction defect. Risk factors include: exposure of the mother to certain medications, chemicals, or viruses while pregnant; and perhaps maternal exposure to tobacco smoke.
Prevalence of Limb Deficiencies in Children Born to NJ Resident Mothers, Statewide Rates, Upper and Lower Limb Deficiencies by Year, 2000 - 2008
Data SourcesBirth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health; Early Identification and Monitoring Program, Special Child Health and Early Intervention Services, Division of Family Health Services, New Jersey Department of Health;
DefinitionNumber of children born with either upper limb deficiencies and/or lower limb deficiencies per 10,000 live births to women residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.
How We Calculated the Rates
Page Content Updated On 07/31/13, Published on 08/05/13