Upper and lower limb reduction defects occur when a part of or the entire arm (upper limb) or leg (lower limb) of a fetus
fails to form completely during pregnancy. The defect is referred to as a "limb reduction" because a limb is reduced from
its normal size or is missing.
While the causes of limb reduction defects are unknown, research suggests that certain behaviors or exposures during pregnancy
can increase the risk of having a baby with a limb reduction defect. Risk factors include: exposure of the mother to certain
medications, chemicals, or viruses while pregnant; and perhaps maternal exposure to tobacco smoke.
Prevalence of Limb Deficiencies in Children Born to NJ Resident Mothers, Statewide Rates, Upper and Lower Limb Deficiencies
by Year, 2000 - 2008
Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health;
Early Identification and Monitoring Program, Special Child Health and Early Intervention Services, Division of Family Health
Services, New Jersey Department of Health;
Number of children born with either upper limb deficiencies and/or lower limb deficiencies per 10,000 live births to women
residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.
How We Calculated the Rates
Number of children born with either upper limb deficiencies and/or lower limb deficiencies among live births to women residing
in New Jersey in a specified time interval.
Count of all live births to women residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.
Page Content Updated On 07/31/13,
Published on 08/05/13
Special Child Health and Early Intervention Services, New Jersey Department of Health, PO Box 364, Trenton, NJ 08625-0364; Phone (609) 292-5676; Fax (609) 633-7820; Web: http://www.state.nj.us/health/fhs/index.shtml
Department of Health
P. O. Box 360, Trenton, NJ 08625-0360
Phone: (609) 292-7837
Toll-free in NJ: 1-800-367-6543 Our Locations
The information provided above is from the New Jersey Department of Health's
NJSHAD Web site (http://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published
on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation:
"Retrieved Sat, 20 December 2014 11:29:55
from New Jersey Department of Health, Center for Health Statistics,
State Health Assessment Data Web site: http://nj.gov/health/shad".