Lead is a heavy metal that has been widely used in industrial processes and consumer products. When absorbed into the human
body, lead can have damaging effects on the brain and nervous system, kidneys, and blood cells. Lead exposure is particularly
hazardous for pre-school children because their brains and nervous systems are still rapidly developing. Serious potential
effects of lead exposure on the nervous system include: learning disabilities, hyperactivity, hearing loss and mental retardation.
The primary method for lead to enter the body is through eating or breathing lead-containing substances. Major sources of
lead exposure to children are: peeling or deteriorated leaded paint; lead-contaminated dust created by renovation or removal
of lead-containing paint; and lead contamination brought home by adults who work in an occupation that involves lead, or who
engage in a hobby where lead is used.
Percent of Children Tested for Lead Poisoning Before 3 Years of Age, by County, among Children Born in 2010
Lead poisoning testing counts and testing rates by county include only those children who could be assigned to a county. Among
children born in 2010, 13.9% of the 89,061 tested children could not be assigned to a specific county.
Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health;
Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program, Family Health Services, New Jersey Department of Health;
The information provided above is from the New Jersey Department of Health's
NJSHAD Web site (http://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published
on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation:
"Retrieved Fri, 19 December 2014 15:12:45
from New Jersey Department of Health, Center for Health Statistics,
State Health Assessment Data Web site: http://nj.gov/health/shad".