Indicator Profile of Childhood Lead Testing Coverage
Why Is This Important?Lead is a heavy metal that has been widely used in industrial processes and consumer products. When absorbed into the human body, lead can have damaging effects on the brain and nervous system, kidneys, and blood cells. Lead exposure is particularly hazardous for pre-school children because their brains and nervous systems are still rapidly developing. Serious potential effects of lead exposure on the nervous system include: learning disabilities, hyperactivity, hearing loss and mental retardation.
The primary method for lead to enter the body is through eating or breathing lead-containing substances. Major sources of lead exposure to children are: peeling or deteriorated leaded paint; lead-contaminated dust created by renovation or removal of lead-containing paint; and lead contamination brought home by adults who work in an occupation that involves lead, or who engage in a hobby where lead is used.
Percent of Children Tested for Lead Poisoning Before 3 Years of Age, by County, among Children Born in 2008
Data NotesLead poisoning testing counts and testing rates by county include only those children who could be assigned to a county. Among children born in 2008, 15.6% of the 86,215 tested children could not be assigned to a specific county.
Data SourcesNew Jersey Birth Certificate Database, Bureau of Vital Statistics and Registration, New Jersey Department of Health; New Jersey Department of Health, Family Health Services, Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program;
Other Graphical Views
DefinitionPercent of New Jersey children tested for lead exposure before 36 months of age
How We Calculated the Rates
Page Content Updated On 05/22/12, Published on 07/10/12