DCSIMG

Indicator Profile of Spina Bifida

Why Is This Important?

Spina bifida is a neural tube defect caused by the failure of the fetus's spine to close properly during the first few week of pregnancy. Research with humans and animals suggests a genetic basis for the defect. It is considered likely that spina bifida results from the interaction of multiple genes and environmental factors.

Research has shown that lack of folic acid is a contributing factor in the pathogenesis of neural tube defects, including spina bifida. Supplementation of the mother's diet with folic acid can reduce the overall incidence of neural tube defects by about 70 percent.

Prevalence of Spina Bifida in Children Born to NJ Resident Mothers, Statewide Rates, 2000-2008

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Data Sources

Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health;  Early Identification and Monitoring Program, Special Child Health and Early Intervention Services, Division of Family Health Services, New Jersey Department of Health; 

Definition

Number of children born with spina bifida per 10,000 live births to women residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.

How We Calculated the Rates

Numerator: Number of children born with spina bifida among live births to women residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.
Denominator: Count of all live births to women residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.

Page Content Updated On 07/31/13, Published on 08/05/13
Special Child Health and Early Intervention Services, New Jersey Department of Health, PO Box 364, Trenton, NJ 08625-0364; Phone (609) 292-5676; Fax (609) 633-7820; Web: http://www.state.nj.us/health/fhs/index.shtml
The information provided above is from the New Jersey Department of Health's NJSHAD Web site (http://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Thu, 24 April 2014 1:47:18 from New Jersey Department of Health, Center for Health Statistics, State Health Assessment Data Web site: http://nj.gov/health/shad".

Content updated: Sat, 12 Apr 2014 04:00:50 EDT