Gastroschisis is a birth defect in which a portion of an infant's intestines protrude out of the body through a hole in the
body wall beside the umbilical cord. The body wall defect may be small or large, and other organs, including the liver, can
be involved. Gastroschisis occurs during pregnancy when the muscles of the wall of the baby's abdomen do not form correctly.
Some scientists think that genetics or an environmental exposure during pregnancy can cause gastroschisis, but the exact cause
is still unknown. Risk factors for gastroschisis include: young maternal age; race (white teenagers have higher rates than
African-American teenagers); and possibly prepregnancy maternal diets that are are high in fat and cholesterol.
Prevalence of Gastroschisis in Children Born to NJ Resident Mothers, Statewide Rates, 2000-2008
Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health;
Early Identification and Monitoring Program, Special Child Health and Early Intervention Services, Division of Family Health
Services, New Jersey Department of Health;
Number of children born with gastroschisis per 10,000 live births to women residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.
How We Calculated the Rates
Number of children born with gastroschisis among live births to women residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.
Count of all live births to women residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.
Page Content Updated On 07/31/13,
Published on 08/05/13
Special Child Health and Early Intervention Services, New Jersey Department of Health, PO Box 364, Trenton, NJ 08625-0364; Phone (609) 292-5676; Fax (609) 633-7820; Web: http://www.state.nj.us/health/fhs/index.shtml
Department of Health
P. O. Box 360, Trenton, NJ 08625-0360
Phone: (609) 292-7837
Toll-free in NJ: 1-800-367-6543 Our Locations
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