DCSIMG

Indicator Profile of Gastroschisis

Why Is This Important?

Gastroschisis is a birth defect in which a portion of an infant's intestines protrude out of the body through a hole in the body wall beside the umbilical cord. The body wall defect may be small or large, and other organs, including the liver, can be involved. Gastroschisis occurs during pregnancy when the muscles of the wall of the baby's abdomen do not form correctly.

Some scientists think that genetics or an environmental exposure during pregnancy can cause gastroschisis, but the exact cause is still unknown. Risk factors for gastroschisis include: young maternal age; race (white teenagers have higher rates than African-American teenagers); and possibly prepregnancy maternal diets that are are high in fat and cholesterol.

Prevalence of Gastroschisis in Children Born to NJ Resident Mothers, Statewide Rates, 2000-2008

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Data Sources

Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Statistics and Registry, New Jersey Department of Health;  Early Identification and Monitoring Program, Special Child Health and Early Intervention Services, Division of Family Health Services, New Jersey Department of Health; 

Definition

Number of children born with gastroschisis per 10,000 live births to women residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.

How We Calculated the Rates

Numerator: Number of children born with gastroschisis among live births to women residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.
Denominator: Count of all live births to women residing in New Jersey in a specified time interval.

Page Content Updated On 07/31/13, Published on 08/05/13
Special Child Health and Early Intervention Services, New Jersey Department of Health, PO Box 364, Trenton, NJ 08625-0364; Phone (609) 292-5676; Fax (609) 633-7820; Web: http://www.state.nj.us/health/fhs/index.shtml
The information provided above is from the New Jersey Department of Health's NJSHAD Web site (http://nj.gov/health/shad). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Sat, 25 October 2014 6:09:46 from New Jersey Department of Health, Center for Health Statistics, State Health Assessment Data Web site: http://nj.gov/health/shad".

Content updated: Sat, 20 Sep 2014 04:00:46 EDT